Intersectionality Week: Black, Asian and Minority Ethnicity
Posted 21 January 2021Peace writes about intersectionality within Black, Asian and Minority Ethnicity communities
Councillor for Scrutiny, Peace, writes about intersectionality within Black, Asian and Minority Ethnicity communities
The BAME (Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic) population is growing steadily here in the UK. In 2011, people from Asian ethnic groups made up the second largest percentage of the population (at 7.5%), followed by Black ethnic groups (at 3.3%), Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups (at 2.2%) and Other ethnic groups (at 1.0%).
Second generation ethnic minority immigrants tend to be better educated than their parents’ generation, and better educated than their white native peers. The relative improvement in education between the parent and descendent generation is far larger for ethnic minorities than for white natives. Still, British born ethnic minorities are arguably less likely to have jobs and earn on average lower wages, if they had the same characteristics as their white British-born peers.
This disadvantage can severely impact the quality of life of many working class BAME students here in the UK as many have to support family here in the UK as well as family from the countries that they are originally from, leaving many in the BAME population to continue experiencing poverty, despite making advances by getting into higher education in search for a better life.
The intersections of being BAME and female are overlooked also as BAME Women in the UK face more discrimination, owing to them being both black and women. This is shown by the fact that BAME women experience more harassment than BAME men or white men and women. Employers have also been found to expect black women to be paid less than white women or married black men, and to penalise black female leaders more severely for mistakes than black male and white female leaders.
In addition to this, half of BAME LGBT people (51%) face discrimination within the LGBT community and more than a third of trans people (36%), one in eight LGBT disabled people whose activities are ‘limited a lot’ (13%), and one in five LGBT people of non-Christian faith (21%) say they’ve experienced discrimination from within the community because of different parts of their identities.
Race plays a key role in negatively impacting the quality of life BAME people face here in the UK. The intersections of race, poverty, class and gender and LGBT+ rights are evident throughout society and we need to do more to ensure that these issues impact the lives of the BAME less.